Comprehensive notes Data protection IPR class 12

In this article I am going to explain the Comprehensive notes Data protection IPR class 12. In previous article, Societal Impacts we have discussed about digital foot prints, net and communication etiquettes. Lets start now!

Comprehensive notes Data protection IPR class 12

Data Protection and IPR are crucial aspects when you are dealing with online work or content. So first understand what is data protection in this article Comprehensive notes Data protection IPR class 12.

Data Protection

Data protection IPR class 12
Data protection IPR class 12

Now we are accessing data in digital forms. So the privacy of data and data storage becomes more crucial for us. To protect these data from substantial harm, embarrassment, inconvenience and unfairness to an individual. Sensitive data like biometrics information such as fingerprint, health information, financial information, or other personal data like documents, photos, audio clips, videos are required to be protected.

The data protection can be implemented by using one of the following methods:

  1. Encryption: It is a method of representing in such a way that only authorized parties or systems can understand the data patterns. In this technique, the text data will be converted into ciphertext. Ciphertext refers to converting user-readable data into incomprehensible data. Click here to read more about encryption.
  2. Authentication: Authentication involves the user’s identity using different credentials like username and password, security keys, different sensor locking systems, OTP and other verification methods.

All the countries have their own data protection policies or laws. These policies or laws are legal documents that provide guideline to user on data storage, processing and sensitive information transmission. By the implementation of these policies the information can be appropriately protected from modification and disclosure.

In the next section of Data protection IPR class 12 I will explain the Intellectual Property Right.

Intellectual Property Right (IPR)

Intellectual property right - Data protection IPR class 12
Intellectual property right – Data protection IPR class 12

As you know that if a person owns a house it is considered as his own property. Similarly, if a person is posting something with his unique ideas and concepts is called a person’s intellectual property. Intellectual Property refers to inventions, literary and artistic expressions, designs and symbols, names and logos.

The Intellectual Property Right gives ownership to the creator of the Intellectual Property holder. By this, they can get recognition and financial benefits from their property. These intellectual properties are legally protected by copyrights, patents, trademarks, etc.

Now in the next section of Data protection IPR class 12 I will talk about copyrights, patents, and trademarks.


Do you know that you cannot use any image directly from google in your documents without the creators of the image written permission? This violates the copyright laws if you are using them. Another example is youtube videos. Youtube videos are also copyrighted materials you cannot use resue them.

Copyrights refers to the legal rights to use a material like writing, articles, photographs, audios, videos, software or any other literacy or artistic work. Copyrights are automatically granted to the creators or the owners.

The right includes the right to copy, reproduce, distribution of the work or content. If a person needs to use copyrighted materials then the needs to obtain a license or written permission of the creators.

There are some CC (Creative Common) license and GNU GPL license. They allow to use their creation as loyalty free materials.


The patents are given for the inventions. Here the creator needs to apply for the invention. When the patent is granted the owner gets rights to prevent others from using, selling or distributing the protected invention. Patent gives full control to the patentee to decide how others can use the invention. A patent protects an invention for 20 years, after that public can use it freely.


Trademark is applicable for the visual symbol, word, name, design, slogan, label, etc for the product. It provides uniqueness for the other brands and commercial enterprise. It also gives recognition to the company. The trademark product denoted by ® or ™ symbols. There is no expiry time for the trademark.

Now in the next section of Data protection IPR class 12 I will discuss about licensing.


A license refers to a contract or permission or agreement given to any party by a creator to use their product or service or creation. A license can be purchased by paying money. License is the term that gives special rights to the user to use the copyrighted material.

Similarly, a software license is an agreement that provides legal rights to the authorised use of digital material. All the software, digital documents or games you are downloading from the internet provides the license agreement to use the material. If anyone is not following will be considered a criminal offence.

Violation of IPR

Knowingly or unknowingly, people are violating IPR while doing work. So the violation of IPR done in following ways:

  1. Plagiarism
  2. Copyright Infringement
  3. Trademark Infringement


Plagiarism refers to copy or share the intellectual property of someone on the internet without giving any credit or any mention of the creator. Sometimes if you derived an idea or product which is already available, then also it is considered plagiarism. Sometimes it is also considered fraud. Whenever you are using any online material for your personal use or for any purpose, always cite the author and source to avoid plagiarism.

Copyright Infringement

When you use the work of others without taking their written permission or don’t paid for that using that is considered as copyright infringement. If you download an image from google and use in your work even after giving the credit or reference you are violating copyright. So before downloading any content check it for copyright violation.

Trademark Infringement

The unauthorized use of trademark product is known as trademark infringement. The trademark owner can take a legal action for trademark infringement.

In the next section of Data protection IPR class 12, I am going to discuss some public access and open source formats.

Public access and open source

For the encouragement towards the innovation and new creations, the way of accessing the material and resources should be available. So there are some public access and open-source licenses are made for them. Open source allows using the material without any special permission.

Some software are there which are available for free of cost and allows redistribution. User can use them, copy them and redistribute them. They are available with modifiable source code. Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) is a large community of users and developers who are contributing towards open source software. These tools are Linux, Ubuntu, open office, firefox are examples of open source software.

In the next section of Data protection IPR class 12 I will talk about CC GPL.

CC and GPL

You have a creative commons license and General Public License to use such material. The CC is commonly used for some creative resources like websites, music, film, or literature etc. GPL is designed for the software, add-on, plugin or themes. It allows the end-user to use, run, study, share and modify the software. GPL license do not provide the regular updates and support.

The CC is a non-profit organization that provides a wide range of resources like images, videos, and other libraries. Some them offers proper attribution and credit to use them. A CC license offer a copyright license to use someone’s materials to share, use and extend the work done by them. There are six different types of CC licenses, click here to read them.

I hope you enjoyed this article Data protection IPR class 12. If you have any doubt or query for this article Data protection IPR class 12 feel free to ask in the comment section.

Thank you for reading this article Data protection IPR class 12.

Leave a Reply