Comprehensive notes Cyber crime IT act Class 12

Cyber crime IT act Class 12 is one of the topics of your class 12 IP curriculum. In this article, you will learn about cybercrime, cyber law and Indian IT Act. So lets begin!

Comprehensive notes Cyber crime IT act Class 12

Cyber crime IT act Class 12
Cyber crime IT act Class 12

So let’s start the article Cyber crime IT act Class 12 with cyber crime introduction.

Cybercrime refers to criminal activities or offences carried out in a digital world. In cybercrime, the computer can be targeted or used to perform such activities. It can be performed against an individual or organization or any group. Any activity related to physical harassments or financial loss or mental harassments using computers, the internet or network is considered a cybercrime.

The cyber crime covers phishing, credit card frauds, illegal downloading, cyber bullying, creation and distribution of viruses, spam etc. These type of activities increasing day by day through hacking, ransomware like attacks, denail-of-service attack, phishing, email fraud, banking fraud and identity theft.

In the next section of Cyber crime IT act Class 12 I will talk about hacking.


Hacking refers to entering into someone’s account without the user’s consent or stealing login information from someone’s account and unauthorized access to data. When people share them on the internet through different websites like emails, online shopping etc. some expert people trying to break the system security and gain unauthorized access.

Hacker - Cyber crime IT act Class 12
Hacker – Cyber crime IT act Class 12

The person who is doing this kind of activities known as a Hacker. He or she is doing this using software or hardware or expertise. They gain unauthorized access to data, steal some information from your computer, manipulate the digital data, capture user’s personal or financial information or install malware on your systems.

If this hacking is done for positive intent then it is known as Ethical Hacking or White Hat Hacking. The hacker is known as Ethical Hacker or White Hat Hacker. They help to protect the system from hacking and improves the security of the system. An ethical hacker exploits a website to find a security glitch on the website.

A Black Hat Hacker or Unethical Hacker tries to gain untheorized access and steal the sensitive information with the aim to damage or break down the system. Their main focus is security cracking and stealing the sensitive information. They may do some illegal activities like identify theft, monetary gain for their personal benefits or leak sensitive data in the market and earn money.

The next section of Cyber crime IT act Class 12, I am going give you some basic tips to reduce the risk of cyber crime.

How to reduce the risk of cyber crime?

prevention from cyber crime
prevention from cyber crime

To reduce the risk of cyber crime follow these practices:

  • Use antivirus and keep it updated
  • Take backup of data at regular intervals
  • Download and use software from authorized sources only
  • Update the software including browser as and when it is prompted
  • Avoid to download and use pirated software
  • Follow some security alerts provided by the system and browser
  • Use strong passwords for the accounts
  • Don’t write or save your passwords at the common places
  • Don’t allow third party cookies from the websites
  • Perform online payment transaction securely and through authorized websites only
  • Don’t share your OTP or PIN number with anyone
  • Always secure wireless network with a password when connecting via hotspot

Let’s discuss about Indian IT act for Cyber crime IT act Class 12.

Indian IT Act

The indian IT act - Class 12
The indian IT act – Class 12

As the use of the internet is rapidly growing, the risk of cybercrimes, internet fraud, cyberattacks etc also grown rapidly. The practices and procedures of cybercrime keep changing with the evolution of the internet. To deal with these issues The Government Of India came up with the Indian Information Technology Act in 2000. This act was amended in 2008.

The Indian IT Act provides guidelines and rules to the user on the processing, storage and transmission of sensitive information. The states of our country have their own cyber cells in the police station to report cybercrime. The IT act provides legal provisions and implications against cybercrime. If the cybercrime is proved then the accused may get the penalties also.

The CAT (Cyber Appellate Tribunal) has been established to resolve these cyber crime related issues. It resolves issues such as hacking, tampering with digital documents, unauthorized use of passwords, using other’s personal data without consent etc. The activities help people to use the digital environment without fear. On the other side, the IT act also helps the government in good governance.

I hope you enjoyed the article Cyber crime IT act Class 12. If you have any doubt or queries feel free to ask in the comment section.

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Access the complete study material from this link:

Informatics Practices (065) Class 12

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