Comprehensive Guide Basics of Website Class 12

The next topic is the Basics of Website Class 12 IP for computer networks in class 12 informatics practices. So here we start this article!

Basics of Website Class 12 IP

Internet is very famous now. Almost we are browsing hundreds of websites nowadays. So as you all know the basics of websites and all. So let’s start the article Basics of Website Class 12 IP.


An internet is a big library and website can be considered as a book in that. As you visit your school library you will get different books there, similarly internet is a library and a website is a book.

A website is a collection of webpages related through hyperlinks and saved on a web server. – NCERT Textbook

website is a collection of web pages and related content that is identified by a common domain name and published on at least one web server. – Wikipedia

A website is hosted on a particular server and links the different pages. A page of the website is known as a webpage. This webpage is created by HTML, client-side scripting and server-side scripting. All of these webpages are linked to each other by different hyperlinks.

For example, My website is having different pages like Artificial Intelligence, Computer Science, Informatics Practices etc.

These links allows users to navigate through the website. These webpages are stored under a unique domain name and a common theme. As you know to access a website you either you need to enter a website URL into address bar or you can search in google and you can can open it.

So lets discuss what are the purposes of the website for Basics of Website Class 12 IP.

Purpose of the website

There are certain purposes of website as follows:

  1. To share the information and knowledge to the public (Blogs)
  2. Communication (Email, Chat, Video Calls)
  3. Entertainment (Web Series)
  4. Education (Through PDFs, PPTs, Videos)
  5. Supply software, services and products (Amazon, Flipkart)

The next section of Introduction to Basics of Website Class 12 IP talks about a web page.


As you have created many documents in MS word or other documentation software, your page contains various styles and formatting of text and all. Similarly, A webpage is also a page of HTML document with different types of formatting and contents created with the help of HTML and CSS.

A typical webpage can have text, hyperlinks, images, audio, and video files. There are two kinds of webpages:

  1. Static
  2. Dynamic

So let’s discuss them in the next section of Basics of Website Class 12 IP.

Static Webpage

A static webpage is created by HTML with text, images, audio, video and links. These pages do not contains any animated contents. All are just hyperlinked and the user could not interact on these pages with button clicks or any other input. User can just click on the links.

A static webpage rendered to the the client or user as it is saved on the server. All users access the same contents. These pages are saved with .html or .html.

Dynamic Webpage

Dynamic webpage provides better user experience as different users can access their own version of webpage or their own data saved in the website. It is available with different kinds of animation and user interaction controls. User can interact with them by clicking a buttons and other controls.

There are certain programming languages used to create a dynamic webpages. For example, JavaScript, VBScript, ASP (Active Server Pages), JSP (Java Server Pages), PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor), Python, Ruby etc.

These programing languages allowed to change the the web page contents when they are loaded into the web browser. These type of dynamic webpages have the contents linked with the databases. So that whenever pages are loaded it renders the updated data from the database.

In the next section of Basics of Website Class 12 IP we will discuss about webserver


A webserver serves all the contents of a website. Just take an example of a mall. A mall is serving all kinds of products we need. Similarly a webserver is serving the contents on the internet.

The webserver is just like a hardware or computer with a software and website contents. A webserver accepts the requests from different users from their browsers and give them response accordingly. Each server has its unique domain name.

Every server is capable to handle the HTTP requests from the client computers. There are HTTP requests sent by clients and HTTP response received by the server on webserver and this way a page is server to the user. If a page is having issue with URL or any other, the Error 404 – Page not found raised by the webserver and displayed to the client’s browser.

The next section of Basics of Website Class 12 IP talk about how you can host your website.

Hosting a website

Hosting a website is a process of making a website online. There are hosting service provider who provides this service either free of cost or paid hosting. Hosting refers to a space provided on a specific server to store the website data.

Web hosting service providers gives access to the server’s resources such as RAM, hard disk, bandwidth etc. The hosting providers have their webservers with a numeric address called IP address. This IP address will be mapped with a domain name of the website because every user do not remembers the numeric address while accessing the website.

Now in the next section of Basics of Website Class 12 IP you will learn the process how to host a website.

How to host a website?

Following steps needs to followed to host a website:

  1. Go and search for the hosting provider companies online
  2. Find a suitable domain name for your website
  3. Register your domain name with the Domain Name Registrar
  4. Once you get to space, create your login
  5. Upload your localhost website files on the allocated space
  6. Map you domain name with IP address

The hosting providers also provide the CMS (Content Management System) managed to host like WordPress. Almost all of them provides domain name services also. Some of the popular hosting service providers are hostinger, Bluehost, A2Hosting, GoDaddy, google etc.

I hope you enjoyed the article comprehensive guide Basics of Website Class 12 IP. If you have any doubt or query feel free to ask in the comment section.

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