In this article you will learn about Creating histogram with PyPlot. In previous article you learned about Creating Line chart and bar chart using Pyplot. The contents are as following:
Topics Covered
What is histogram?
A histogram is quite similar to vertical bar graph with no space in between vertical bars. When you have data which has data points fall between a particular range, you can use histogram to visualize this data. It is helpful to display statistical data or data inserted in measurable quantities. For ex. Marks, scores, units etc. It was first introduced by Karl Pearson.
Creating Histogram
To create histogram in python hist() function is used. The syntax of hist() function is like this:
matplotlib.pyplot.hist(x, bins=value,cumulative=bool_val, histtype=type, align=alignment, orientation=orientation) where,
x: It is list to be plotted on histogram
bins: bins can be integer number computed with + 1 or generated by default.
cumulative: It is a boolean value i.e. either True or False. If provided True then bins are calculated where each bin gives the counts in that bin plus all bins for smaller values. The last bin gives total number of data points. The default value is false.
hisstype: It is an option parameter. It can be any one of these:

 bar: Bar type histogram, it arranges data side by side if given data is multiple. It is by default histtype.
 barstacked: When multiple data are stacked on top of each other
 step: Generates a lineplot that is by default unfilled
 stepfilled: Generates a lineplot that is by default filled
orientation: It can be used for bar – type histogram
Have let us take look at following codes:
import matplotlib.pyplot as m import numpy as np x=np.random.randn(100) m.hist(x) m.show()
Changing the look of histogram
import matplotlib.pyplot as m import numpy as np x=np.random.randn(100) m.hist(x,20,edgecolor="blue",facecolor="r") m.show()
Using cumulative
import matplotlib.pyplot as m import numpy as np x=np.random.randn(100) m.hist(x,20,cumulative= True, edgecolor="blue",facecolor="r") m.show()
Output
Saving the histogram as image
English: 77,66,88,99,55,44,33,79,68,83Hindi: 56,89,70,50,60,65,90,80,47,82
import matplotlib.pyplot as m english=[77,66,88,99,55,44,33,79,68,83] maths=[56,89,70,50,60,65,90,80,47,82] m.hist([english,maths]) m.show()
import matplotlib.pyplot as m english=[77,66,88,99,55,44,33,79,68,83] maths=[56,89,70,50,60,65,90,80,47,82] m.hist([english,maths], orientation='horizontal') m.show()
import matplotlib.pyplot as m english=[77,66,88,99,55,44,33,79,68,83] maths=[56,89,70,50,60,65,90,80,47,82] m.hist([english,maths], orientation='horizontal', histtype="stepfilled", cumulative=True) m.show()