Comprehensive Notes Self Management Skills Class 10

In this article, I will discuss about Comprehensive Notes Self Management Skills Class 10. Self management skills are a part of Part A Employability Skills of the Class 10 information technology curriculum. Let us begin now!

Notes Self Management Skills class 10

Let us start comprehensive notes Self Management Skills Class 10 with an introduction to self-management. Here we go!

What is Self Management?

Self management refers to the person’s ability to control his/her emotions, thoughts, and behavior effectively in different situations.

Self management is also referred to as self-control. It includes motivating oneself and setting goals. Nowadays people having strong self management skills are doing better than others. Employers also strongly preferred self-managed employees.

To do best in daily routine the following skills need to be improved:

  1. discipline
  2. timeliness
  3. goal-setting
  4. problem-solving
  5. teamwork
  6. professionalism

The above areas help a person in developing personality and abilities to do better in their personal and professional life.

So now let us discuss skills that need to be mastered to achieve success in life. Observe the following infographics to understand skills that need to be mastered to achieve success in life.

Skills needs to mastered - Notes Self Management Skills Class 10

Now in the next segment of Notes Self Management Skills Class 10, we will cover the topic of Stress management. Here we go!

Stress Management

Sometimes we are worrying about some results. For example, passing or failing in exams, getting success in life or not, certain tasks given in no time, some urgent projects without preparation, etc. People are hesitating to take up some kind of task. This is called stress.

Stress is positive sometimes when it motivates one to achieve more and Stress is negative when it continues for a long time and due to that some health problems and mental troubles arise.

Let us see what is stress?

What is stress?

What is Stress ?

“Stress is emptional, mental, pysical, and social reaction to any perceived demands or threats. These demands or threats are called stressors. Stressors are reasons for stress.”

— CBSE Study Materials


  1. Exams are approaching but you feel, you are not prepared
  2. Loss of someone very close in the family
  3. Worried about people what will say about their attitude and outfit
  4. Sometimes due to lack of sleep

Stress Management

Stress management is very essential for people now. Because nowadays almost everyone has stress in either way. There are many occasions where stress can be helpful also.

Positive Stress – The stress helps you to finish tasks on deadline and can motivate

Negative Stress – Stress that stays for a long time can create problems

Negative stress can harm emotional and physical health, and limit the ability to function well and maintain relationships.

Managing stress is nothing but just how you handle daily pressures effectively and find solutions to problems. The ultimate goal of stress management is balancing life, work, relationships, relaxation, and fun.

ABC of stress management

ABC of stress management

Three steps to manage stress

3 steps to manage stress

Stress management techniques

The following techniques will help in reducing stress from routine life.

  1. Time Management: It is the most effective technique to manage stress. Time management allows one to perform tasks on or before a deadline and mind feel relaxed and calm.
  2. Physical Exercise and fresh air: Doing physical exercises helps in proper blood circulation and relaxes the body. Yoga and breathing exercises are also very helpful techniques in stress management.
  3. Healthy Diet: Healthy diet provides the strength to do daily work efficiently. Add Dal, Roti, Vegetables, and fruits to your diet.
  4. Positivity: Looking at good things and staying positive also helps in reducing stress. Rather than thinking about math results while chasing a huge score, trying to maintain the run rate to achieve the score will be more helpful.
  5. Organizing Life and no delaying: Stress can be reduced by organizing things, completing work on a timeline, and monitoring the assignments.
  6. Sleep: Good sleep will help to function body and mind better. At least 7 hours of sleep relaxes the body and mind.
  7. Holidays with family and friends: A break from routine work helps in maintaining relationships and keeps you fresh. Taking a break from routine work and visiting new places or relative places will help in reducing stress.

Ability to work independently

Observe the following which defines what is the ability to work independently:

Ability to work independetly

Emotional Intelligence

The ability to identify one’s emotions as well as others is known as emotional intelligence. It includes these three skills:

emotional intelligence - Notes Self Management Skills Class 10

Awareness regarding our own emotions is very critical for all of us. To manage stress and keep the brain active, and open-minded as well as overcome failures, and keep emotions in check. Emotional intelligence helps in building better rapport and maintaining relationships.

Sonu and Monu are working in a multinational company. Both of them joined the company on the same day. After a few months, Monu got a promotion and a hike in salary. Sony felt sad and disappointed. He is not behaving well as earlier. Here Sonu would have been emotionally intelligent and accepted the facts. He needs to improve his performance and understand the reasons why Monu got promoted.

An individual needs to follow these steps to manage emotional intelligence:

3 steps to manage emptional intelligence

Watch this video for more understanding:

Self-awareness – Strength and weakness analysis

Self-awareness refers to the process of knowing one’s strengths and weaknesses. Identify strengths and weaknesses to achieve success in life. Strength and weakness analysis converts strengths and weaknesses into exceptional talent. Strength and weakness analysis begins with knowing yourself.

Knowing yourself

To know yourself you should be aware of your likes, dislikes, interests, background, opinions, and values. Understand what you do well that measures your strengths.

knwoing yourself

Strength and weakness analysis

Know your personal characteristics such as name, qualifications, and interpersonal relationships, and understand them. In addition to this, know your inner strengths, hidden talents, skills, and even weakness.

Strength and weakness analysis

Observe the following table which contains strengths and weaknesses:

Creative WritingFind difficulties in solving math problems
Confident in speaking in front of an audienceLike to speak English fluently
Playing a musical instrumentNot like to lose any game or sports
Comprehensive Notes Self Management Skills Class 10

Techniques for identifying strengths and weaknesses

Finding strengths

finding strengths

Finding weaknesses

Comprehensive Notes Self Management Skills Class 10

Find answers to these questions for a better analysis

How am I different from others?

  1. What do I do better than others?
  2. What do other people admire in me?
  3. What makes me stand out?
  4. Where do I worry and struggles?
  5. Where, how and why do others perform better than me?
  6. What advice for improvement do I often receive from others?

Difference between interest and ability

Things that you like to do in your free time that make you happy.An acquired or natural capacity
Things you are curious about or would do even if no one asked you to do it.Enable you to perform a particular job or task with considerable proficiency.


Self-motivation is a force that encourages us to do things. It helps us to achieve our goals, feel happy, and improve our quality of life.

In other words, Self-motivation refers to the ability to do the things that need to do be done without someone or something influencing us.

Examples of self-motivation:

Suresh is wants to crack JEE Mains. So he started coaching classes for JEE mains for learning basics. After his school he is going to coaching institute at evening and do the practice along with his study.

Radha wake up at 5 and doing riyaz for her hobby as singing. She wants to be a professional singer. Everyday she is doing practice atleast two hours in the morning. Nobody told her to do this. She is doing this by herself only.

Various people are motivated by various things in their lives.

Types of self-motivation

There are two types of self-motivation.

types of self-motivation

Qualities of self-motivated people

Self-motivated people have different mindsets and they are different from ordinary people. They have these qualities:

qualities of self-motivated people

Mr E Shreedharan, Former Managing Director, Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd, was a self-motivated and
energetic person. With his dedication and respect for others, he motivated his team to work hard and achieve results.

Mahashay Dharmapal Gulati, the founder of Mahashian Di Hatti (MDH) Private Limited started with a small shop in Karol Bagh but with his focus, dedication, and clear ideas, MDH (Spice Company) became one of the most popular brands in India besides having a good reputation all over the world.

Building self-motivation

There are four steps to building self-motivation, they are as follows:

Steps to build self-motivation

Self-regulation: Goal Setting

A man was traveling and stopped at an intersection.

He asked an elderly man, “Where does this road take me?”

The elderly person asked, “Where do you want to go?”

The man replied, “I don’t know.”

The elderly people said, “Then take any road. What difference does it make?”

How true is that? When we do not know where we are going, any road will take us there. So in life, we need to have a clear vision of what we will do and where we want to go.

Goal setting is a very important factor in personal life. It helps to how you live your life, where and how you want to be in the future.


Set of dreams with a deadline to fulfill them. Example – Find a career in the field in which you love to work.

Goal Setting

Determining goals and putting in the effort to achieve them.

Goals allow us to bifurcate what things are important in our life. It helps to focus on the result rather than on important work. Hence it also helps to make a successful career and life.

How to set goals?

The SMART method can be used to set goals. The SMART method stands for:

smart goals



Not a specific goal: “I would learn to speak English.”
Specific goal: “I would learn to speak English fluently by joining coaching classes after my school every day, and in six months I will take part in the inter-school debate competition.”


Not measurable goal: “I want to be rich.”
Measurable goal: “I want to have 5 times more money than what I have today in my hand at the end of this year.”


Bigger Goal: “I want to become a teacher in my school.”

Breaking it into smaller goals:

  • Complete higher secondary
  • Complete Graduation
  • Complete B.Ed.
  • Apply for jobs in the teaching field


Unrealistic goal: “I will read my entire year’s syllabus in one day and get good marks.”
Realistic goal: “I spend 3 hours every day of the year after school to revise my subjects to get good marks in the exams.”


Not a time-bound goal: “I want to lose 10 kg someday.”

goal: “I want to lose 10kg in the next 6 months.”

Watch this video for more understanding:

Follow this link to get access to questions based on self-management skills:

Important questions self-management skills class 10

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